A fracture simply refers to any break or crack in a bone. Each type of fracture has its own possible methods of repair. Splinting generally does not provide sufficient support and surgery is required to place hardware to allow healing.
Closed Fracture: Fractures in which there is no related external wound.
Open (formerly known as compound) Fracture: Fractures associated directly with open wounds (the bone may or may not be visible through the wound).
Dislocation: An injury to the connective tissues holding a joint in position that results in displacement of a bone at the joint.
Sprain: An injury to a joint, ligament, or tendon in the region of a joint. It involves partial tearing or stretching of these structures without dislocation or fracture.
Other types of orthopedic injuries can involve torn ligaments, particularly in the knee. Many athletic, large breed dogs will tear the cranial cruciate ligament in their knee, which results in a sudden loss of use of the leg, along with joint pain and swelling in the knee. Surgical stabilization is the best means to repair this injury.
The primary goal of fracture fixation surgeries is to restore broken bones to their original anatomic position and rigidly fix them in place while healing occurs.
In some cases, the fracture may be too severe to permit perfect anatomic restoration of all pieces, but there will still usually be a way of providing stability to the fractured bone and to allow use of the limb during the healing period.
- Anesthesia Safety
- Anesthesia & Pain Control
- Laser Surgery
- What to Expect After Surgery
- Pain Management (NSAIDs)