Spaying and neutering are the general terms for the surgical sterilization in dogs to prevent unwanted litters of puppies. Both procedures are done sometime between 6 and 18 months of age in both sexes. The actual time varies on the breed and ultimate anticipated size of the dog. Spays and neuters are both performed under full anesthesia. We do recommend full blood work prior to anesthesia to confirm that there are not any unknown medical issues that would contraindicate anesthesia. We also place an IV catheter in order to deliver medications as well as IV fluids for supportive care during both surgeries. Patients are also kept as comfortable as possible with pain and anxiety medication administered before the surgery and pain medication continued during and after the procedure.
Female dogs undergo a procedure called an ovariectomy in which the ovaries are removed preventing pregnancy. Dogs under 20 pounds undergo and open abdomen procedure and females over 20 pound have the same procedure done laparoscopically. Click here to read more about the procedure.
Male dogs have their testes removed from inside their scrotum. This is not an open abdomen procedure and is done through a small incision in front of the scrotum.
Both males and females go home the same day as their procedures with medications as needed. We do not require Elizabethan collars to go home with dogs post-operatively but do have them available of you feel your dog may need on. Please do not hesitate to give us a call if you have any questions.